- Kuhusu Sisi
- Kituo cha Habari
Arusha region is one of the most unique regions of Tanzania. It is a land of paradoxes and extremes. The region contains one of the most equable climates in the country where living is a climatic paradise, but its lowlands are some of the hottest and dustiest areas to live in. Its highlands have the greatest potential for agricultural production but severe malnutrition among children is rampart in most of the highlands of Ngorongoro district.
Arusha region’s Longido, Monduli and Mango’la ward of Karatu district form the North East West Triangle. This is a triangle containing the driest spots on Mainland Tanzania where the environment is so fragile that it could be the points from which desert conditions in Tanzania will spread. Yet the highlands of Arusha region on the slopes of Mount Meru and Mount Oldeani enjoy very high rainfalls of between 1,000mm and 1,200mm per year. As a consequence of these two climatic extremes, there are very few shallow wells in the region. Water supply schemes on the highlands are dominated by springs and surface water sources such as lakes, dams, charcos and rivers. In the drought prone lowlands, water sources are mostly deep bore holes or rain water is harvested directly.
In the Tanzania context, Arusha region is an advantaged region economically though it contains some of the most disadvantaged people in the land, known as the Hadzabe in Karatu district. These people are on the verge of marginalisation because they have yet to shed their history as hunters and gatherers of wild honey and wild roots. Bringing her people into
the mainstream of development is one of the greatest challenges the region faces.
Geographicallly Arusha, the capital of Arusha region, is strategically near the centre of the Kenya/Uganda/Tanzania land mass. It is easily accessible from all the capitals of these countries. Consequently and naturally Arusha town has been developing as the capital of the East African Community with the Arusha International Conference Centre (AICC) at the pivot.
Arusha town has also the distinction of being the centre of the trade in that unique Tanzanian gemstone called Tanzanite which is mined at Mererani in neighbouring Manyara region. The industrial potential of unique Lake Natron once developed will add to the region’s prestige as an industrial region. Lake Natron contains the country’s only commercial deposits of soda ash.